Artificial Intelligence Transforming Healthcare
When we hear of artificial intelligence (AI), we may think of robots and science fiction movies. However, artificial intelligence is already part of our everyday lives. This includes virtual assistances such as Siri and Alexa and Google’s algorithms that adjust the best matches to the users’ searches.
What is Artificial Intelligence?
Artificial Intelligence is an area of computer science that trains machines to learn through experience in order to perform human-like tasks. AI uses features associated with human intelligence such as reasoning, learning and problem solving to process large amounts of data. There are many applications of AI, including:
- Machine Learning
- Speech Recognition
- Natural Language Processing (e.g. Chatterbots)
- Computer Vision (e.g. image processing)
- Knowledge Management
- Video Games (e.g. playing chess)
Will Artificial Intelligence transform the Healthcare Industry?
Artificial intelligence is capable of performing human-like tasks with much higher accuracy and efficiency. It enhances every field it touches with the healthcare industry being no exception. AI can potentially help doctors treat some of the deadliest diseases in the world. Here are some applications of Artificial intelligence in the healthcare industry:
Artificial intelligence can be used for the detection of diseases such as cancer, where early detection has a vital role in successfully combating the disease. Breast cancer is a leading cause of death in the UK, however, a high proportion of the mammography gives false results. A machine learning software was developed to help doctors identify breast cancer at an early stage. The software has the ability to interpret mammograms 30 times faster than humans with 99% accuracy. A team of pathologists developed the software by going through thousands of images and teaching the computer to identify breast tumours.
Drug development typically takes more than 10 years and can cost the company billions of pounds. It also has high failure rates with 9 out of 10 drugs failing between phase I trials and regulatory approval. Global pharmaceutical companies and healthcare start-ups are now using artificial intelligence to analyse Big Data in order to make the drug discovery faster, cheaper and more effective. An example is GlaxoSmithKline that use machine learning and data analytics to enhance their understanding of the human immune system in order to develop medicine.
Researches are using artificial intelligence to create next-generation prosthetics. Scientists from Imperial College London and the University of Göttingen are collaborating to create a bionic hand that has enhanced functionality, speed and provided a more natural feeling.
Robotic surgery can help the human operator perform the surgery at higher accuracy and rate. Typically, the surgeon will use a console to control the robotic hands which will perform the actual surgery. Robotic surgery systems have already been developed. An example is the da Vinci Surgical System which was approved by the FDA (Food and Drug Administration) in 2000. In addition, Google has partnered with Johnson & Johnson to develop robots that are connected to the internet so they can learn from each other.
Artificial intelligence can aid doctors to provide more personalised treatment to patients. AI has the ability to interpret, store and manage data that can help doctors identify the most suitable treatment for each individual.
To learn more about the pharmaceutical industry and how you can improve your well-being, keep visiting the Crescent Pharma website.
- Artificial Intelligence: What it is and why it matters, SAS
- AI and robotics are transforming healthcare, PricewaterhouseCoopers
- Walsh, New Versius robot surgery system coming to NHS, BBC News
- Berboucha, Artificial Intelligence And Prosthetics Join Forces To Create New Generation Bionic Hand, Forbes